The battery state-of-charge estimation is essential in automotive industry for a successful marketing of both electric and hybrid electric vehicles. Furthermore, the state-of-charge of a battery is a critical condition parameter for battery management system. In this research work we share from the experience accumulated in control systems applications field some preliminary results, especially in modeling and state estimation techniques, very useful for state-of-charge estimation of the rechargeable batteries with different chemistries. We investigate the design and the effectiveness of three nonlinear state-of-charge estimators implemented in a real-time MATLAB environment for a particular Li-Ion battery, such as an Unscented Kalman Filter, Particle filter, and a nonlinear observer. Finally, the target to be accomplished is to find the most suitable estimator in terms of performance accuracy and robustness.
Part of the book: New Trends in Electrical Vehicle Powertrains