On the road to integrated optical circuits, the light emitting device is considered the bottleneck preventing us from arriving to the fully monolithic photonic system. While the development of silicon photonics keeps building momentum, the indirect bandgap nature of silicon represents a major problem for obtaining an integrated light source. Novel nanostructured materials based on silicon, such as silicon-rich oxide (SRO) containing silicon nanoparticles, present intense luminescence due to quantum phenomena. Using this material, electroluminescent devices have already been fabricated and even integrated in monolithic photonic circuits by fully complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) compatible techniques, opening the door to seamless electronic and photonic integration. The present work discusses some of the strategies used to improve the performance of SRO-based electroluminescent devices fully compatible with CMOS technology. Results from the characterization of devices obtained using different approaches are presented and compared.
Part of the book: Recent Development in Optoelectronic Devices