Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) allows the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to flow directly from the third ventricle through the fashioned ventriculostoma to the interpeduncular cistern, by passing the site of obstruction. In spite of the wide variety of indications where ETV is implemented, its success rate is still debatable especially in certain age groups, where it is most successful in adult patients with obstructive hydrocephalus and it has an identifiable failure rate in children less than 6 months of age. Several factors would affect the success rate of ETV, which are related to the patient’s age, pathology, and intraoperative findings. This chapter covers most of the current debates considering ETV.
Part of the book: Hydrocephalus