Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has gained great attention over the past two decades due to its many advantages, such as needless sample preparation, capability of remote measurement and fast multielement simultaneous analysis. However, because of its inherent uncertainty features of plasma, it is still a big challenge for LIBS community worldwide to realize high sensitivity and accurate quantitative analysis. Currently, many chemometric analytical methods have been applied to LIBS calibration analysis, including univariate regression, multivariate regression, principal component regression (PCR), partial least squares regression (PLSR) and so on. In addition, appropriate sample and spectral pretreatment can effectively improve the analytical performance (i.e., limit of detection (LOD), accuracy and repeatability) of LIBS. In this chapter, we briefly summarize the progress of these calibration methods and their applications on LIBS and provide our recommendations.
Part of the book: Calibration and Validation of Analytical Methods