Part of the book: Artificial Neural Networks
Out of different technical textiles, needle-punched nonwoven is one of the promising technical textiles which has wide ranges of applications. This present chapter deals with jute and synthetic fibre-based needle-punched nonwoven. The design and manufacturing of such nonwoven and proper characterization of the developed fabrics based on the end use has been covered. Jute and jute-based material has some added advantages in certain technical applications like composites, agro-textiles, geotextiles, etc. Various machine parameters as well as processing parameters have been varied to design the fabrics for certain end uses. Applications of advanced modelling techniques like statistical and artificial neural network modelling have also been considered to achieve optimum properties in the fabric for certain end uses. Hence, the overall aspects of designing to end uses of the fabrics, considering its development and characterization, have been covered in this chapter.
Part of the book: Non-woven Fabrics
Among the different natural fibres, jute is a less expensive fibre, annually renewable, and commercially available compared to other natural fibre crops. This jute is mostly cultivated in India and Bangladesh. More than a century, this fibre is well known as packaging (sacks), hessian, and carpet backing. Since 1950s, the synthetic fibres slowly took the market share of conventional jute textiles due to their low cost and high production speed. As far as suitability of the insulating material is concerned, it has high potential of using as three types of insulation (thermal, sound, and electrical). This present chapter gives emphasis on the basic methods of measuring jute based thermal insulation materials in different application areas. Apart from its evaluation methods, special attention has been made on the important factors affecting the thermal insulation behaviours of the jute-based textile materials. Focusing the needs of the industry, present chapter also covers the future aspects regarding the insulation application from jute-based materials.
Part of the book: Insulation Materials in Context of Sustainability