Most traits important to agriculture, biology, and biomedicine are complex traits, determined by both genetic and environmental factors. The complex traits that change their phenotypes over different stages of development are called dynamic traits. Traditional quantitative trait loci (QTLs) mapping approaches ignore the dynamic changes of complex traits. Functional mapping, as a powerful statistical tool, can not only map QTLs that control the developmental pattern and process of complex traits, but also describe the dynamic changes of complex traits. In this study, we used functional mapping to identify those QTLs that affect height growth in 10th generation recombinant inbred lines derived from two different Arabidopsis thaliana accessions. Functional mapping identified 48 QTLs that are related to height traits. The growth curves of different genotypes can be drawn for each significant locus. By GO gene function annotations, we found that these QTLs detected are associated with the synthesis of biological macromolecules and the regulation of biological functions. Our findings provide unique insights into the genetic control of height growth of A. thaliana and will provide a theoretical basis for the study of complex traits.
Part of the book: Next Generation Plant Breeding