This chapter develops a two-level fault diagnosis (FD) and root cause analysis (RCA) scheme for a class of interconnected invertible dynamic systems and aims at detecting and identifying actuator fault and the causes. By considering actuator as an individual dynamic subsystem connected with process dynamic subsystem in cascade, an interconnected system is then constituted. Invertibility of the interconnected system in faulty model is studied. An interconnected observer is introduced and aims at monitoring the performance of the interconnected system and providing information of actuator fault occurrence. A local fault filter algorithm is then triggered to identify the root causes of the detected actuator faults. According to real plant, outputs of the actuator subsystem are assumed inaccessible and are reconstructed by measurements of the global system, thus providing a means for monitoring and diagnosing the plant at both local and global level.
Part of the book: Actuators