Laser remanufacturing is an advanced repairing method to remanufacture damaged parts based on laser processing, such as laser cladding and laser welding. As a critical factor in determining the remanufacturing quality, residual stress of different laser-remanufactured parts was analysed by numerical methods based on deactivating and reactivating element theory, as well as experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction and hole drilling measurements. The distributions and evolution law of residual stress during multipass laser welding of 7A52 high-strength aluminium alloy, and the effects of forming strategy, heat input and solid-state phase transition on residual stress in the laser cladding forming layers of QT 500 cast iron and FV520B high strength steel, were emphatically studied. The simulation results of residual stress fit well with the experimental results, indicating that both residual stress and its accumulation phenomenon would occur during the laser welding and laser cladding forming, and were affected by factors such as welding pass, heat input and phase transition. It is feasible to control residual stress by using cross path forming strategy, less heat input and alloying power materials with low martensite transition point (Ms).
It briefly introduced laser remanufacturing, which was an advanced repairing method to refabricate damaged components based on laser forming technologies. The possible factors in determining the performance of the laser remanufacturing FV520B were studied by numerical simulation and experimental methods. First, the results of free dilatometry test showed that the volume effect of phase transformations were corresponding to the transformation temperatures and heating rate of the laser process had remarkable effects on the kinetics of phase transformation. In addition, the evolution of temperature fields of the single-pass and multi-layer laser cladding processes were analyzed by numerical simulation method based on deactivate and reactivate element theory. A combined method of dilatometry and metallography was conducted to reveal the effect of cooling condition and phase transformation on the microstructure of HAZ. The maximum temperature of thermal cycle had a dominating effect on the microstructure, microhardness and phase transformation temperature rather than cooling rate. Thermal cycles had a significant effect on the metallographic transformation and consequently decided the mechanical performance. Microhardness and tensile tests were conducted and the results showed that strength and ductility of laser remanufacturing FV520B were equivalent to that of forgings.
Part of the book: Stainless Steels and Alloys