Due to the peculiar way of evolution of boiling heat transfer research, a model “theater of director” (MTD), pumping effect of growing bubble (PEGB) and MTD-based universal correlation (UC) remain beyond the attention of researchers for more than half a century. In parallel, there are periodic fundamental events, demonstrating the irrationality of such indifference. Since the 1980s, not having found a way to enhance boiling heat transfer, other than that uncovered by the MTD-UC, high-performance boiling surfaces are being developed by artificially increasing effective radius (ER) of nucleation centers (bypassing the reference to the relevant theoretical basis). In 2009, an independent review declares transient conduction and microconvection as the dominant boiling heat transfer mechanism, not knowing that this is just the PEGB. In 2014–2017, the real versatility and accuracy of the UC is confirmed by independent studies, which involve extensive databases on the pool and flow boiling (with some interpretation problems). Assessing the current status of the study, the chapter emphasizes the complete fiasco of traditionally adopted approaches, models and theories, led to the dominance of purely empirical relationships written in a dimensionless form. Heat transfer research community is invited to gain will and rid of the heavy burden of the past.
Part of the book: Heat Transfer