Urinary tract tuberculosis (UTTB) is an insidious disease with non-specific constitutional symptoms that are often unrecognized and lead to delayed diagnosis. Advanced UTTB may cause loss of kidney function. In the majority of literature, UTTB is reviewed together with genital tuberculosis because often both sites are involved simultaneously; “Genitourinary tuberculosis” (GUTB) is the most common term used in the literature. However, the term may cause confusion because the clinical presentation and diagnosis approach is very different, and does not always occur simultaneously. UTTB is the term used here as we encountered tuberculosis involvement of urinary tract only. This book chapter is a comprehensive review of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis approach, and current treatment of this disease.
Part of the book: Tuberculosis