Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a prevailing health threat around the world with high mortalities and heavy economic burdens. In the past, apoptosis was recognized as the main contributor to the pathogenesis of AKI. However, recent evidence has suggested that regulated necrosis also plays an important role in the pathologic process of various types of renal damages, improving our limited understanding of the complex mechanisms underlying AKI. Regulated necrosis is a newly identified type of “programed cell death” with morphologic features of necrosis, which includes necroptosis, ferroptosis, parthanatos, pyroptosis, etc. In this chapter, we summarized the molecular pathways of both apoptosis and regulated necrosis, and reviewed the potential roles and corresponding mechanisms of various cell deaths in AKI based on recent advances. We also discussed the therapeutic potentials and clinical implications based on manipulating regulated cell death. Taken together, the progress in this field lays the ground for better prevention and management of AKI in the future.
Part of the book: Current Understanding of Apoptosis