In the era of the Internet of Things, the need for mobile devices able to analyze accurately real samples with sometimes very small volumes is a must. Gas chromatography (GC) is a common laboratory technique widely used for analyzing semi-volatile and volatile compounds. However, this technique is not suitable to be used outside labs. The development of micro-machined processes encouraged the development of miniaturized gas chromatographs. This chapter focuses on the recent development in the field of miniaturized gas chromatography and its component up to the present in various fields of analyses.
Part of the book: MEMS Sensors
This chapter introduces the significance of exploring volatile organic compounds (VOC) in clinical samples. Because exhaled-breath is easy to collect, unlimited, and instruments are already commercially available, VOC analysis in exhaled breath seems to be a promising tool for non-invasive detection of many diseases including infections, respiratory diseases, and cancers. Here, we have focused on some appropriate technologies to extract, pre-concentrate, and evaluate VOC biomarkers in exhaled breath. The second part of this chapter discusses the comprehensive GC × GC in bio-VOCs analysis and illustrates the potential of using this analytical technique.
Part of the book: Recent Advances in Gas Chromatography