Owing to the growing interest and unique properties of pyridines as bases, effects of substitution and substituent modification on electron density enrichment of the pyridyl nitrogen, and thus the effectiveness of pyridine as metal ion-stabilizers will be introduced in this chapter. Pyridines of the structure C5(S)nH5-nN (S = substituent) that have been intensively studied theoretically were selected as examples to prove the concept of this chapter. Computational results in the reviewed reports showed that: substitution and substituent modification significantly affect the electronic enrichment of nitrogen atom of the pyridine. The conclusions extracted from the covered investigations were employed to promote pyridines to act as efficient stabilizers for the coordinated metal ions. In coordination chemistry, these kinds of coordinated complexes are highly demanded in the field of chemosensation.
Part of the book: Pyridine