The increasing complexity of environmental contamination has boosted the search of multifunctional nanomaterials that are produced in a green and economical manner. The bismuth-based materials have been long regarded as safe materials used in cosmetics as well as biomedical aspects. Particularly, as one of the most important bismuth oxyhalides, bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl), due to its intrinsic properties including high surface area, superior photocatalytic/electrochemical performance, and good biocompatibility, possesses enormous potential for environmental applications. In this chapter, we mainly introduced bismuth-based materials as typified by BiOCl as ecofriendly multifunctional materials for the purposes of heavy metal detection as well as antibiosis.
Part of the book: Bismuth