Clustering high-dimensional data has been a challenging problem in data mining and machining learning. Spectral clustering via sparse representation has been proposed for clustering high-dimensional data. A critical step in spectral clustering is to effectively construct a weight matrix by assessing the proximity between each pair of objects. While sparse representation proves its effectiveness for compressing high-dimensional signals, existing spectral clustering algorithms based on sparse representation use those sparse coefficients directly. We believe that the similarity measure exploiting more global information from the coefficient vectors will provide more truthful similarity among data objects. The intuition is that the sparse coefficient vectors corresponding to two similar objects are similar and those of two dissimilar objects are also dissimilar. In particular, we propose two approaches of weight matrix construction according to the similarity of the sparse coefficient vectors. Experimental results on several real-world high-dimensional data sets demonstrate that spectral clustering based on the proposed similarity matrices outperforms existing spectral clustering algorithms via sparse representation.
Part of the book: Recent Applications in Data Clustering