Dual-mass MEMS gyroscope is one of the most popular inertial sensors. In this chapter, the structure design and electrostatic compensation technology for dual-mass MEMS gyroscope is introduced. Firstly, a classical dual-mass MEMS gyroscope structure is proposed, how it works as a tuning fork (drive anti-phase mode), and the structure dynamical model together with the monitoring system are presented. Secondly, the imperfect elements during the structure manufacture process are analyzed, and the quadrature error coupling stiffness model for dual-mass structure is proposed. After that, the quadrature error correction system based on coupling stiffness electrostatic compensation method is designed and evaluated. Thirdly, the dual-mass structure sensing mode modal is proposed, and the force rebalancing combs stimulation method is utilized to achieve sensing mode transform function precisely. The bandwidth of sensing open loop is calculated and experimentally proved as 0.54 times with the resonant frequency difference between sensing and drive modes. Then, proportional-integral-phase-leading controller is presented in sensing close loop to expand the bandwidth, and the experiment shows that the bandwidth is improved from 13 to 104 Hz. Finally, the results are concluded and summarized.
Part of the book: MEMS Sensors