Wavelet packet transform has been used in many applications of biomedical signal processing, for example, feature extraction, noise reduction, data compression, electrocardiogram (ECG) anonymisation and QRS detection. The wavelet analysis methods, in these applications, represent the temporal characteristics of a biological signal by its spectral components in the frequency domain. Furthermore, it has been shown in many works that the ECG signal can be used as a biometric method for robust human identification and authentication. In this case, it is necessary to anonymise the ECG data during the distribution and storage of the signal in a public repository. A neglectful system leads to an eavesdropper recording the ECG data and uses it as recognition data to gain access via an ECG biometric system. This chapter discusses and reviews recent researches on ECG anonymisation wavelets-based techniques. These techniques use discrete wavelet transform and wavelet packet transform. A comparative study between the wavelets-based methods will be presented.
Part of the book: Wavelet Theory and Its Applications