The development of new porous solids begins to provide effective and original solutions to the problems of pollution and sustainable development, and the challenge is to discover new performance of these materials. Among these materials are zeolites; however, one type has retained the attention since its discovery in 1972; this is zeolite-type ZSM-5, because of their particular properties in many industrial processes. These porous solids are characterized on the atomic scale by the existence of pores, distributed regularly in the matter and are likely to accommodate in their structures, gases, liquids, and solids for trap or temporarily store them. Only the average porosity of these zeolites constitutes an obstacle to the catalysis of cumbersome molecules that are well branched. To deflect this inaccessibility factor and trying to find a solution to this steric hindrance, the attention of the researchers was focused on using the surface properties of ZSM-5. It is well known that the efficiency and selectivity of a porous catalyst depends on its textural and structural characteristics and more precisely on the number of locations active on the external surface and the number of locations accessible through the porous system. The nanocrystallinity in the field of zeolites can be defined as a situation in which the physicochemical properties are largely determined by a larger number of atoms in the outer limit of crystallite. In this chapter, the work of several researchers who synthesized the ZSM5 in the field of nanostructures is presented. We find that, despite the different methods of synthesis, however, the field of nanostructures ZSM5 has been achieved. Certain parameters such as the concentration of mineral agent, the concentration of the structuring agent, and the duration of aging have a direct influence on the crystal size of the zeolites obtained. Different characterizations were used to identify the purity and size of the nanocrystals ZSM5.
Part of the book: Nanocrystals and Nanostructures