Friction dampers are commonly included into turbine designs to limit the turbine blades resonant vibrations and thus avoid high cycle fatigue failures. In order to effectively predict the effect of friction dampers on the turbine dynamics, friction is included into the simulation through specific mesoscale contact models. These models require knowledge of contact parameters to offer meaningful predictions. Standard single-contact test arrangements may fail to capture the true contact conditions and kinematics of friction dampers, especially for complex multi-interface contacts interested by variable normal loads. Several methodologies have been proposed in the literature: the lack of a “shared” approach in the field pinpoints a true “gap” in the research. Overcoming this difficulty is of primary importance, as it is the one feature that separates a state-of-the-art numerical code from a true design tool. Purpose of this chapter is to illustrate the experimental/numerical tools and methods developed to fill this gap for a common family of friction dampers, called “underplatform dampers” with a curved-flat cross section. Both cylinder-on-flat and flat-on-flat interfaces are addressed. The adequacy of the state-of-the-art contact model is discussed on the basis of a large data set obtained performing an extended experimental campaign on multiple damper samples.
Part of the book: Contact and Fracture Mechanics