The discovery of X-rays at the end of the nineteenth century is one of the most important discoveries that changed the human being life in all fields and applications. Since that date, X-ray systems are developed rapidly, and still new applications are emerging in medical, agricultural, and industrial fields. This chapter provides sufficient historical background for X-ray production and image acquisition techniques. It covers also fluoroscopic equipment and radiation dosimetry and protection techniques in detail. Image-guided intervention is here to stay. Thus, suitable radiation protection measures are required to minimize the risk to patients and staff to its minimal level without affecting the outcome of the procedures.
Part of the book: Medical Imaging and Image-Guided Interventions