The residual stress distribution introduced by shot peening (SP) in the deformed surface layer of Ti-6Al-4V and (TiB+TiC)/Ti-6Al-4V were simulated and studied via the three-dimensional (3D) finite element dynamic analysis and the experimental validation. The program of ANSYS/LS-DYNA was utilized, and the 3D homogeneous and inhomogeneous models were set up. The homogeneous model was established for simulating SP process on Ti-6Al-4V. The influence of three important parameters, the shot balls’ size, shot velocity and coverage rate on residual stress distribution were investigated. Numerical simulation results showed that these parameters contributed different effects on SP treatment. Using a simplified method, an inhomogeneous model for simulating SP process on (TiB+TiC)/Ti-6Al-4V was set up. The max tensile and compressive residual stress (CRS) was +1155 and −1511 MPa, respectively. Based on this stress distribution, the beneficial effect of reinforcements was indicated during deformation, retarding the damage to the matrix and keeping the adverse tensile stresses in the reinforcements. In order to verify the results of simulation, the residual stress distribution along depth was measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. The residual stress distribution by experiments was agreed with the simulated results, which verified the availability of 3D finite element dynamic analysis.
Part of the book: Finite Element Method