The Concept of Mass Based on Accelerated Conservation of Energy within Asymmetric Space-Time Phases

This chapter presents a new look to the conservation laws and suggests a model for discrete non-uniform localization of energy portions (quanta?s) within conjugated space and time phases. The model connects electromagnetism with the space-time and shows that electromagnetic energy is the Planck?s scale product of the generation of asymmetric space and time phases. In the reverse order, at the Black Hole?s scale with complete consumption of electromagnetic energy, decay of space-time frame takes place with accumulation of energy in virtual space phase, which translates energy to the background in the form of gravitation. Huge amounts of negative energy accumulated within background space leads to the generation of elementary space-time unit, which carries non-uniform energy conservation in the form of electromagnetic energy. Translation of background uniform energy, accumulated within minimum space, to the non-uniform energy conservation phase generates a non-baryonic heavy particle, which is the precursor of the ingredients of elementary space-time frame of matter. The background spontaneous symmetry break is a phenomenon, related to the discrete translation of uniform energy conservation phase to the phase of non-uniform conservation, carried by electromagnetic field within asymmetric space-time unit.

Part of the book: Advanced Technologies of Quantum Key Distribution

The Hot Disputes Related to the Generation of a Unified Theory Combining the Outcomes of ER and EPR Papers

We suggest a mathematical formulation which shows that gravity is the materialization of energy in space, which at zero energy input (Eap = 0) in the form of entanglement of virtual space and time phases returns an event to the initial background state with restoration of the original elementary space-time frame. Based on the suggested model, the matter-antimatter relation results from the non-uniform energy conservation principle while satisfying the conservation of energy within the boundary-mapped space-time frame. The suggested approach shows that the generation of mass is the requirement of energy conservation. The mathematic model of energy conservation involves the conjugation of the dynamic local state of space and time variables with the local energy-momentum relation, which at different energy inputs can operate at the small scale of quantum physics and the large scale of relativity. The suggested theory shows that commutation of local space-time position and energy-momentum exchange interaction is the only way for conservation of energy and momentum within a discrete space-time frame.

Part of the book: Advances in Quantum Communication and Information

Development of Supersymmetric Background/Local Gauge Field Theory of Nucleon Based on Coupling of Electromagnetism with the Nucleon’s Background Space-Time Frame: The Physics beyond the Standard Model

A new reformulated gauge field theory comprising discrete super symmetry matrixes U (1) = SU (2) + SO (3) has been developed which explains why all the elementary particles appear in three families with very similar structures. The three families’ performance is the product of discrete conservation of energy—momentum eigenvalue Es = 1/2Ea within space–time frame which appears to be the genetic code of new physics. A new supersymmetric gauge field theory of photon was developed, which describes fundamental conservation laws through invariant translation of the discrete symmetries of nature. A new gauge theory describes all the fundamental laws through isomorphism of the discrete space–time SU (2) frame and energy-momentum SO (3) symmetry group. Coupling of space and time phases of energy conservation generates the background gauge field, which in conjugation with the local gauge field mediates discrete performance of three fractional proton-neutron families of baryon structure. The presented theory requires to have a new look to our understanding of symmetry and conservation laws.

Part of the book: Quantum Mechanics