A transmembrane (TM) single-polypeptide-chain (sc) linker can connect two G-protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) in tandem. The priority of a gene-fusion strategy for any two class A GPCRs has been demonstrated. In the striatal function, dopamine (DA) plays a critical role. In the striatum, how the GPCR for adenosine, subtype A2A (A2AR), contributes to the DA neurotransmission in the “volume transmission”/dual-transmission model has been studied extensively. In addition to the fusion receptor, i.e., the prototype scA2AR/D2R complex (the GPCR for DA, subtype D2), several types were created and tested experimentally. To further elucidate this in vivo, we designed a new molecular tool, namely, the supermolecule scA2AR/D2R. Here, no experiments on its expression were done. However, the TM linker to connect the nonobligate dimer as the transient class A GPCR nanocluster that has not been identified at the cell surface membrane deserves discussion through scA2AR/D2R. Supramolecular designs, are experimentally testable and will be used to confirm in vivo the functions of the two GPCRs interactive in such a low specific signal to the nonspecific noise (S/N) ratio in the neurotransmission in the brain. The sc also has, at last, become straightforward in the field of GPCRs, similar to in the field of antibody.
Part of the book: Polypeptide