Goats play a vital role in the economy of common man. It acts as pivotal point in the uplift of socio-economic status of females. The goats are such delicate and fragile animals that encounter a lot of infectious and non-infectious diseases including viruses, bacteria and gastrointestinal parasites (GIP). The goat being a range animal is selective feeder. It needs a lot of managemental practices which safeguards its health. This chapter focuses on management, impact of gastrointestinal parasites, role of intestinal immunity, various breeds reared in Pakistan, role of plant based phytochemicals to treat against GIT parasites and various models to predict the status of health in animals.
Part of the book: Goat Science
Campylobacteriosis is caused by Gram-negative and spiral-shaped microaerophilic Campylobacter bacteria. Different avian hosts are commonly infected with Campylobacter species. Among 16 Campylobacter species, infections are mostly caused by thermophilic Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. C. jejuni and C. coli are well adapted to the avian intestinal tract and produce little or no clinical diseases in poultry. Although thermophilic Campylobacters are commensals in poultry, their significance is due to food safety and public health apprehensions. The majority of human Campylobacter infections are caused by C. jejuni, followed by C. coli, and rarely by C. lari. Campylobacter infections have now emerged as leading bacterial causes of foodborne gastroenteritis in humans throughout the world. Human Campylobacteriosis cases are sporadic and the disease is characterized by self-limiting watery and/or bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever; however, severe conditions may occur if patients are immunocompromised. The high prevalence of Campylobacter in the intestinal tract of poultry results in contamination of poultry carcasses and poultry products. Handling and eating raw or undercooked poultry meat is considered a significant risk factor for human campylobacteriosis. To ensure food safety and prevent human campylobacteriosis, eradication of Campylobacter from the human food chains, especially poultry and poultry products, is indispensable.
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