Rural electrification is the key in developing countries to encourage youth and skilled personnel to stay in rural for production activities. Lack of grid network in Tanzania currently discourages youth and skilled personnel to live in rural areas. Tanzania has diverse renewable energy which needs to be developed for electricity generation. Most of these sources are found in rural areas but they are not developed and grid network are not extended because of low population density. The government has put in place policy which encourages small power producers to develop renewable energy resources. Energy produced would be sold to the community directly or to the government owned company for grid integration. This paper discussed three major renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and hydro power. Electrifying rural areas will encourage youth to reside in their communities and engaging themselves in production activities like farming and livestock keeping. Also communication among communities and networks between rural - urban would be improved. Establishment of small industries would lead more farm products and earn more money. Therefore, the strong links between rural - urban communities would be strengthened; hence youth migration would be stopped naturally.
Part of the book: Dependability Engineering