Image segmentation is the process of partitioning a digital image into multiple regions (sets of pixels); the pixels in each region have similar attributes. It is often used to separate an image into regions in terms of surfaces, objects, and scenes, especially for object location and boundary extraction. Until now, many general-purpose algorithms and techniques have been proposed for image segmentation. Typical and traditional methods are: (1) threshold-based method; (2) edge-based method; and (3) region-based method. In this chapter, we propose an approach of image segmentation based on mathematical morphology operator: toggle operator. The experimental result shows that the proposed method can segment natural scene images into homogeneous regions effectively.
Part of the book: Colorimetry and Image Processing