Due to low energy characteristics such as energy density and cyclic life, it is mandatory to enhance the energy characteristics of the supercapacitors (ESs). Electrolytes have been recognized as the most prominent ingredients in electrochemical supercapacitor performance. Most commercially available ESs use organic electrolytes and have some advantage like wide operating voltage. However, compared with aqueous alternatives, organic electrolytes are expensive, flammable, and, in some cases, toxic. It is reliable to assert that even though aqueous electrolytes examined by a cramped working voltage, the ions present in them are yet capable of incredibly faster carrier rates than organic electrolytes and can achieve better performance of ESs. Thus, efforts turned toward enlarging the working voltage window of aqueous electrolytes to increase overall operating potential and energy density of supercapacitor devices. This book chapter comprises the latest accomplishments in this area and provides an insight into the aqueous electrolyte advancement.
Part of the book: Supercapacitors