Autoimmune bullous diseases mainly present with vesiculobullous reaction pattern. First algorithm to approach skin biopsy of autoimmune vesiculobullous disease should be localization of the anatomic level of the split, which could be either intraepidermal or subepidermal. Second, inflammatory cell component should be evaluated, which could vary due to age of the lesion. Third, presence or absence of acantholysis should be considered. Finally, pattern of positive immunofluorescence results or negativity helps to render definitive diagnosis. In this chapter, practical histopathology and direct immunofluorescence findings of autoimmune bullous disease are discussed and supported by illustrative microphotographs taken from cases within our institution.
Part of the book: Autoimmune Bullous Diseases