Barium calcium aluminum boro-silicate glass (BCABS) is used as a sealant for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) to protect against air and hydrogen gas leaking at 800°C. One major problem is the chemical reaction of this glass with barium oxide and other materials in the composition such as Ba-Y-Co-Fe (BYCF) and Ba-Sr-Co-Fe (cathode) used in the fuel cell components, leading to the formation and spreading of barium aluminosilicate glass on the cathode surface in the fuel cell. This investigation indicated that adding 0.4 mol% ZrO2 to BCABS prevents the formation of barium aluminosilicate glass. Generally, the sealing glass of fuel cells must show high resistivity for no disturbance to electricity from the fuel cell system when generating the electron. The 0.4 mol% ZrO2 to BCABS is generated with resistivity of 4 MΩ that is useful for SOFCs technology. The thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) in SOFCs is the major condition for producing the cell layers. The thermal expansion coefficient of SOFCs based on each layer (cathode, electrolyte, anode, interconnect and sealant) should be closed to prevent broken cells. The thermal expansion coefficient is 12.40 × 10−6/oC matched with the TEC of the GDC10 electrolyte. Therefore, BCABS glass with 0.4 mol%ZrO2 generated a novel composite for SOFCs.
Part of the book: Advances in Glass Science and Technology