Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In the last two decades, the development of nanotechnology has facilitated our ability to design new nanoparticles for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In this chapter, we reviewed the applications of gold nanoparticles as contrast agents for cancer imaging, including optical imaging, photoacoustic imaging, and X-ray–based imaging. We also reviewed their applications as delivery carriers for small molecule drugs, therapeutic genes, vaccines, and adjuvants and as therapeutic agents by themselves in cancer treatment, including photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy, and radiation therapy.
Part of the book: Noble and Precious Metals