In the past 20 years, the magnitude of diabetes has increased dramatically in many parts of the world and the disease is now a worldwide community health problem. Diabetes mellitus is associated with numerous systemic complications that affect the retina, heart, brain, kidneys and nerves. Abnormal/reduced sensation, diminished reflexes, decreased proprioception and reduced muscle strength in lower limbs leads to balance and functional problems in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Evidences strongly support that physiotherapists play a significant role in the prevention, treatment and management of diabetes mellitus and its associated complications. Physiotherapy management techniques and rehabilitation interventions, including exercise prescription and education will help to facilitate patient participation in programs that improve and maintain physical well-being which has a significant impact on their activities of daily living and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).
Part of the book: Diabetes Food Plan