Shunt active power filter (APF) method have been used by many researchers as a solution in reducing the harmonics creating by the non-liner loads. Therefore, this research is targeted to design and implement a three-phase shunt APF employing Kalman filter estimator. Conventionally, low-pass filter (LPF) is used to filter out the unwanted DC component of the non-linear load to produce the sinusoidal waveform called the reference current. However, when applying LPF it contributes with the phase shift and high transient at the supply current. Therefore, to reduce these problems, the digital Kalman filter estimator is used to replace the LPF for generating the reference current. Details on the investigation between conventional and proposed methods under simulation based on Matlab Simulink platform and experimental that are made for two types of load, namely, three-phase rectifier with RC-load and three-phase induction motor, are presented. The performance criteria of the shunt APF are determined by the supply current waveform, total harmonic distortion (THD), harmonic spectrum and power quality measurements, which were also obtained by simulation and experimental. In conclusion, by employing Kalman filter estimator for generating the reference current, it reduces the time delay and high transient current at the power supply and, thus, improved the overall THD from 0.1 to 0.42% compared to the LPF.
Part of the book: Kalman Filters
This work involves in designing and developing a POF-based directional coupler/splitter using lapping technique and geometrical blocks. Two fiber strands were first tapered at the middle and they were attached to the geometrical blocks and lapped together. Design parameters that are used to develop this coupler/splitter are core diameter, Dc, etching length, Le, bending radius, Rc, coupling length, Lc and pressure, Fc. All the parameters were taken into account during characterization and analysis of the designed coupler in order to find the most optimum prototype coupler/splitter. Characterizations are done by experimental set-up to test the efficiency, splitting ratio, coupling ratio, excess loss and insertion loss for all the couplers/splitters. Through the characterization process and analysis, the optimized coupler with high splitting ratio and low excess loss were identified. Throughout the experimental process, some of the fibers were improved and renewed in order to realize the design and development of the coupler using this technique. The device can also be utilized as an optical tap and the applications of the device are not only limited in in-house network but also in automotive applications. By using a platform, several splitting ratio can be obtained by integrating different core-cladding thickness and bending radius in order to get the desired splitting ratio and excess loss.
Part of the book: Selected Topics on Optical Fiber Technologies and Applications