The polymetallic deposits in the Nappes zone, Northern Tunisia occur in the contact between Triassic-Miocene/Eocene carbonate rocks and in the Upper Cretaceous limestones. They can be divided into two groups: one is Pb-Zn mineralization with Hg and As in fractures with local intrusions of Neogene volcanics (e.g., Fej Hassene, Oued Maden), and the second is stratabound and karst Pb-Zn mineralization with arsenic and antimony hosted in the continental Neogene strata or situated immediately below them (Aïn Allega, Sidi Embarek, Jebel Hallouf-Sidi Bou Aouane, Bazina, Jalta and Jebel Ghozlane). Pb-isotopic compositions of galenas display a homogeneous Pb isotope signature. Generally, Pb isotope ratios on ores from the Jalta, Jebel Ghozlane, Jebel Hallouf, Oued Maden and Fedj Hassene plot between samples of the Late Miocene igneous rocks and the sedimentary country rocks of the Nefza area and between the upper crust and orogen curves. This intermediate position may imply potential mixing between end-member sources. Because the Pb-Zn mineralization is fault-controlled and spatially associated with the post-nappe Miocene series and the calculated model age is about 10.86 Ma, one is led to argue that the mineralization in the Nappes zone deposits occurred during the last paroxysmal phase of the Alpine folding (i.e., Miocene age).
Part of the book: Contributions to Mineralization