Converting solar energy into storable solar fuels such as H2 from earth abundant source—water—is a nice approach to find the solution of energy crisis and environmental protection. There are two half reactions; first, water oxidation into oxygen and proton and followed by proton reduction led to H2 evolution from water. After two decades of continuous attempts, there have been several efficient water oxidation photocatalysts introduced, whereas the proton reduction photocatalyst were relatively less explored. Major portion of reported photocatalysts for proton reduction are mainly derived from either noble metals or precious metals. Carbon-based organic photocatalysts have become attractive recently. These organic materials have several advantages like light weight, cheap, well-defined structure-property relationship and the most attractive one is better batch to batch reproducibility. Here, the reported organic photocatalysts and their performance are summarized which in fact help others to get an idea about ongoing progress in this area of research and to understand the basic designing principle for efficient photocatalysts for fuel production.
Part of the book: Visible-Light Photocatalysis of Carbon-Based Materials