The magnetic sensors based on soft magnetic effects of amorphous fibers are one of the highlights in scientific research in recent years. The amorphous fibers not only have excellent mechanical properties but also have unique magnetic properties, such as high permeability. As a result, sensors made of this kind of material can show the characteristics of sensitivity and durability. The processing and their advantages and disadvantages are mainly introduced in the chapter, and the properties reported in recent years are also summed up, including mechanical behavior, magnetic properties and shape-memory effects.
Part of the book: Magnetic Sensors
The entropic alloys can be categorized into four types of alloys, e.g., high-entropy alloys, medium-entropy alloys, low-entropy alloys, and pure metals. The high-entropy alloys are a new kind of materials where the mixing entropy plays an important role in the phase formation. Because of the unique structures, the entropic alloys exhibit many outstanding properties, which even break the performance limits of traditional materials, including the excellent low-temperature properties. The mechanical properties of the entropic alloys serving at low temperature are mainly introduced in this chapter, including strength, plasticity, fracture behaviors, and impact resistance, and the reasons for these behaviors reported in recent years are also summed up.
Part of the book: Stainless Steels and Alloys