Corrosion processes are responsible for huge losses in industry. Though organic, inorganic and mixed material inhibitors were used for a long time to combat corrosion, the environmental toxicity of organic corrosion inhibitors has prompted the search for inorganic corrosion inhibitors. The effect of gluconates as novel corrosion inhibitors on the corrosion of aluminum alloy in acidic and saline media was investigated by electrochemical and weight loss techniques. The effect of inhibitor concentration was also investigated. High resolution scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy (HR-SEM/EDS) was used to characterize the surface morphology of the metal before and after corrosion. Experimental results revealed that gluconates in the studied solution decreased the corrosion rate at the different concentrations studied. The experimental results obtained from potentiodynamic polarization method showed that the presence of the gluconates in 3.5% NaCl and 0.5 M H2SO4 solutions decreases the corrosion current densities (icorr) and corrosion rates (CR), and increases the polarization resistance (Rp). It was observed that the inhibitor efficiency depends on the corrosive media, concentration of the inhibitor and the substrate material. The adsorption characteristics of the gluconates were also described. Good correlation exists between the results obtained from both methods.
Part of the book: Aluminium Alloys