Remanent magnetization and self-demagnetization effects of high-susceptibility body distort the intensity and direction of internal magnetization and hence complicate the inversion and interpretation of magnetic anomaly. The magnitude magnetic anomaly, which is weakly sensitive to the magnetization direction, provides an indirect way to investigate these complex anomalies. We study the sensitivity characteristics of 2D magnitude magnetic anomaly to magnetization direction and source shapes, implement the magnetization intensity inversion, and further estimate the magnetization direction by inverting for the total field data. The magnetic amplitude inversion is tested by the use of synthetic data, which are caused by prism models with strong remanent magnetization and high susceptibility. It is also applied to the field data of an iron-ore deposit in South Australia. The primary advantage of magnitude anomaly inversion is that the magnetization directions are not assumed to parallel the geomagnetic field. The magnetization intensity inversion and magnetization direction estimation make full use of the amplitude and phase information of magnetic anomalies. Magnetic amplitude inversion including other amplitude quantities such as normalized source strength and analytic signal offers an effective approach to investigate and interpret the magnetic anomalies affected by complicated remanence and self-demagnetization.
Part of the book: Geophysics