Quantum correlations: entanglement and quantumness of correlations are main resource for quantum information theory. In this chapter, the scenarios which quantumness of correlations plays an interesting role in entanglement distillation protocol are presented. By means of Koashi-Winter relation, it is discussed that quantumness of correlations are related to the irreversibility of the entanglement distillation protocol. The activation protocol is introduced, and it is proved that quantumness of correlations can create distillable entanglement between the system and the measurement apparatus during a local measurement process.
Part of the book: Advanced Technologies of Quantum Key Distribution