Dendrimers represent a distinct class of polymers—highly branched and uniform, with a relatively small size when compared to their mass. They are composed of the core, from which branched polymeric dendrons diverge and they are end‐capped with selected terminal groups. Recently, dendrimers have attracted considerable attention from medicinal chemists, mostly due to their well‐defined and easy‐to‐modify structure. This chapter aims to compile dendrimer applications and activities especially for prevention and fighting off infections caused by bacteria and fungi, viruses, and parasites/protozoa. Our goal in this review is to discuss selected modifications of dendrimers of potential value for pharmaceutical chemistry.
Part of the book: Nanostructured Materials