The present study aimed to demonstrate the use of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-9) as possible additional biochemical predictors of in-stent restenosis (ISR) and determined their reference intervals in adults with respect to gender and age. We included 111 consecutive patients treated at the cathlab of the University Hospital Ostrava, Czech Republic, with ISR within 12 months after implantation of a bare-metal stent. The control group consisted of 111 matched patients with identical main demographic and clinical risk factors. To set the reference intervals for MMPs, we measured the blood concentrations of these analytes in a group of healthy volunteers (N = 180) with an average age of 40–50 years. The enzyme concentrations were measured by immunosorbent assay. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 22 and MedCalc Version 14.12. We found that increased levels of MMP-3 and 9 were associated with a significant increase in ISR risk. The MMP-9 cut-off value for ISR risk prediction was determined to be ≥64.8 ng/mL. We suppose that screening of these biochemical parameters might be helpful to a more detailed risk stratification of patients after percutaneous coronary interventions, who would be able to benefit from implantation of drug-eluting stents.
Part of the book: The Role of Matrix Metalloproteinase in Human Body Pathologies