Within this chapter the emerging topic of automated risk assessment in a domestic scene is discussed, state of the art techniques are reviewed followed by developed methodologies which focus on safer human and robotic interactions with an environment. By using the risk estimation framework, the notion of a quantitative risk score is presented. Hazards within a scene are evaluated and measured using risk elements which provide a numeric representation of specific types of risk. Emphasis is given to the concept of risk as a result of interaction with an environment, specifically whether human or robotic actions in a scene can effect overall risk. To this end, techniques which simulate human or robotic behaviour with regard to risk in an environment are reviewed. Specifically the ideas of interaction and visibility are addressed defining risk in terms of areas within a scene that are visited most often and which are least visible. As with any behaviour simulation techniques, validation of their accuracy is required and a number of simulation evaluation techniques are reviewed. Finally a conclusion as to the current state of automated risk assessment is given, with a brief look at the future of the research area.
Part of the book: Robotics