Structural health monitoring (SHM) has attracted increasing attention in the past few decades. It aims at monitoring the existing structures based on data acquired by different sensor networks. Modal identification is usually the first step in SHM, and it aims at identifying the modal parameters mainly including natural frequency, damping ratio and mode shape. Three different field tests can be used to collect data for modal identification, among which, ambient vibration test is the most convenient and economical one since it does not require to measure input information. This chapter will focus on the operational modal analysis (OMA), i.e. ambient modal identification of four super tall buildings by a Bayesian approach. A fast frequency domain Bayesian fast fourier transform (FFT) approach will be introduced for OMA. In addition to the most probable value (MPV) of modal parameters, the associated posterior uncertainty will be also investigated analytically. The field tests will be presented and the difficulties encountered will be discussed. Some basic dynamic characteristics will be investigated and discussed. The studies will provide baseline properties of these super tall buildings and provide a reference for future condition assessments.
Part of the book: Structural Health Monitoring