Leaf morphology is critical for the survival of plant species. After a leaf primordium is initiated at the flank of shoot apical meristem (SAM), the development along the medial‐lateral direction enlarges the leaf‐blades, leading to the increase of photosynthetic activities. Thus, the revelation of mechanisms that control development across a leaf is quite important for plant breeding. A variety of narrow leaf mutants have been identified in the grass family, which includes particularly important crops in the world. Here, the molecular mechanisms underlying the leaf development in the medial‐lateral direction are discussed as we introduce the three major groups of narrow leaf mutants in the grass family: (1) auxin‐related mutants, (2) cellulose synthase‐like D (CSLD)‐related mutants, and (3) polarity‐related mutants. The results obtained from these analyses could be directly applied to the breeding of major cereal crops such as maize, rice, and barley; therefore, they could contribute to the increase of food production.
Part of the book: Brewing Technology