Supercritical water fluidized bed (SCWFB) has been used to gasify biomass, coal and solid waste to produce gas fuel. Supercritical carbon dioxide fluidized bed (SCCO2FB) was applied in the coating industry. Both the two fluidized bed treats the supercritical fluids as fluidization medium. The fluidization behaviours of particles in the supercritical fluids are quite important issues for achieving the basic two phase flow pattern. Few research institutions have conducted experimental and numerical investigations on the fluidization in supercritical conditions. The authors try to establish a comprehensive insight of fluid dynamics of the supercritical fluidized bed. For the SCWFB, the fluidization transitions of fixed bed, homogeneous bed expansion and bubbling were demarcated by discrimination number Dn. A flow pattern map of Reynolds number vs. Archimedes number was available for describing the flow patterns and their boundaries of the SCCO2FB. Ergun equation was acceptable for calculating the fixed bed pressure drop for both SCWFB and SCCO2FB. Wei and Lu correlations of the minimum fluidization velocity, minimum bubbling velocity and homogeneous bed expansion rate are suggested to design the SCWFB. Wen and Yu equation of the minimum fluidization velocity, Vogt et al. correlation of the homogeneous bed expansion rate and their method for determining the minimum bubbling velocity, Nakajima et al. equation of transition velocity, and Bi and Fan correlation of turbulent velocity were recommended to calculate SSCO2FB.
Part of the book: Thermal Power Plants