Decision support system will help physicians in analyzing more accurate diagnosis, which can be made faster and easier with this time-saving system, and reduce tardiness in making referrals. Benefits with this system are as follows: (1) services can be provided across all places, regardless the distance and (2) it is ready to be used anytime; day and night, 24 h, 7 days a week, and throughout the year. The research design is the quasi-experimental post-test only without control; in stage I: Analysis and Design System, in stage II: Prototype, and in stage III: Application. The Verifying is needed by a specialist in Obstetrics for the Analysis and System Design as a way to perform conformity assessment with specific benchmarks as a diversification process. Routine examination, which involves: (1) input data, in general, which includes patient data such as symptoms and signs, (2) physiological and pathological description, (3) differential diagnosis or problems, (4) up to the problem itself as well as further suggestions. Decision support system is made to be used by physicians, and it contains the pattern of input-process-outcome and its display, so it can be used for the manufacturing of the software. This will be helpful for primary care physicians to avoid late referrals.
Part of the book: Obstetrics
Management functions develop first, as systematic steps to carry out management activities, while information components system follow later as part of management elements, where both must be integrated in order to make its practical implementation more clear. Management Functions and Information System Components as an integration model are (1) to explain Management Functions, Information System Components, Goals and Benefit related to Information System and (2) to explain integration process of Management Functions with Information System Component to get goals and benefits as an integrated model. Research method using expert method has done an integration of management function, which includes the cycle of P, O, A, C, E and I, to run management process, must be step by step, and as a cycle. Information components include S, H, F, B, and T and must have minimum requirement. Management of Information System needs goals and benefits that can be calculated clearly and specifically. To get goals and benefits in excellence performance are needed the integrated process to coordinate management functions and information system components, as an Integrated Model with an example in applications of software in Nosocomial Infection Control for Hospital, as the figure below.
Part of the book: Management of Information Systems
The explanation begins with the Clinical Pathway in Hospital which describes how the Clinical Pathway is used in relation to 2 things: Components-Linkages and Step-Problems-Optimal Solution, followed by Linkages Clinical Pathway with Quality Improvement and Cost Containment, which describes the relationship of each. Followed by the Clinical Pathway for Service Quality: which consists of: (1) Clinical Pathway for Service Quality, (2) Patient Safety for Service Quality Improvement, (3) The role of alogarithm, thereby clarifying the form of clinical pathways in quality improvement efforts that ensure service improvement by still maintain the quality that is maintained during the cost containment. The Clinical Pathway in Cost Containment describes the roles of: (1) Link of Components, (2) Procedure, (3) Unit Cost, so that cost containment efforts can be made in the form of cost containment optimally while maintaining quality does not need to decrease. Clinical Pathway in New Era is a newly developed algorithm related to current and future conditions. This is related to: (1) New Era in Pandemic Covid-19, (2) Clinical Pathway in Non Curative Service, (3) Clinical Pathway in Technology Services, (4) Clinical Pathway in Technological Rerelated while continuing to carry out quality improvement and cost containment simultaneously. Concluton: clinical pathway in hospital can be used as a system for Quality Improvement and Cost Containment, related to New Era in Pandemic Covid-19, Non Curative Service, Technology Services and Technological Rerelated.
Part of the book: Contemporary Issues in Information Systems