Vibration suppression control of the mechanical system is a very important technology for realizing high precision, high speed response and energy saving. In general, the mechanical system is modeled with a multi-mass resonance system, and vibration suppression control is applied. This chapter presents a novel controller design method for the speed control system to suppress the resonance vibration of two-mass resonance system and three-mass resonance system. The target systems are constructed by a motor, finite rigid shafts, and loads. The control system consists of a speed fuzzy controller and a proportional-integral (PI) current controller to realize precise speed and torque response. In order to implement the experimental system, the system is treated as the digital control. This chapter also utilizes a differential evolution (DE) to determine five optimal controller parameters (three scaling factors of the fuzzy controller and two controller gains of PI current controller. Finally, this chapter verified the effectiveness to suppress the resonance vibrations and the robustness of the proposed method by the computer simulations and the experiments by using the test experimental setup.
Part of the book: Modern Fuzzy Control Systems and Its Applications
Motor drive systems are indispensable for applications in the industrial field. High-speed and high-accuracy control is required for motor drive systems. However, solutions to meet these requirements can cause mechanical resonance vibrations to occur in the system as a result of miniaturization and system weight reduction. It is therefore necessary to model these systems as multi-mass resonance systems with multiple masses and finite rigid shafts, gears, and loads. In addition, vibration suppression control should be applied to these systems. This chapter provides two off-line tuning methods for a digital proportional-integral-derivative (PID)-type controller for a two-mass resonance system to suppress its mechanical resonance vibrations. These methods include a coefficient diagram method and a fictitious reference iterative tuning method. The former method uses a nominal mathematical model of the object while the latter method uses only the initial experimental data without use of the mathematical model. In this chapter, the two methods are compared. A controller is proposed that consists of a modified integral-proportional derivative (I-PD) speed controller and a proportional-integral (PI) current controller, and requires no information about the load side state variables. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed method is confirmed through computer simulations and experimental results.
Part of the book: PID Control for Industrial Processes