Colorrectal cancer is the third most frequently diagnosed cancer worldwide. The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be almost 100,000 new patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer and that around 50,000 people will die as a consequence of this in 2016. The increase of life expectancy and the increment of the number of diagnostic tests conducted have had a great impact on the amount of cancers being detected. Among other diagnostic tools, colonoscopy is the most prevalent. In order to help endoscopists cope with the increasing amount of tests that have to be carried out, there exists a need to develop automated tools that aid diagnosis. The characteristics of the colon make pre-processing essential to eliminate artefacts that degrade the quality of exploratory images. The goal of this chapter is to describe the most common issues of colonoscopic imagery as well the existing methods for their optimal detection and correction.
Part of the book: Surgical Robotics