A variety of compounds from medicinal plants have been reported to possess anti-inflammatory properties. Selected natural compounds that exhibit anti-inflammatory properties were subjected to docking simulation using AutoDock Vina to investigate their interaction modes to the potential macromolecular targets. The docking was performed using different molecular targets, i.e., cyclooxygenase-2, phospholipase A2, NF-κB inhibitor, and interleukin-1 receptor. It revealed that flavonoids have the highest affinity to the macromolecular targets (the lowest binding energy values) and the highest consistency of interaction model. Some terpenoids were identified to have potential inhibitor of phospholipase A2.
Part of the book: Quantitative Structure-activity Relationship