In the present chapter, we show that the use of the nondifferentiable mathematical procedures, developed in the Scale Relativity Theory with constant arbitrary fractal dimension, simplifies very much the dynamics analyses in the case of complex systems. By applying such a procedure to various complex systems dynamics (biological structures, ablation or discharge plasmas, etc.), we are able to observe that it starts from a steady (oscillating state) and as the external factor is varied the system undergoes significant changes. The systems evolve asymptotically through various transition, toward a chaotic regime (like bifurcations or intermittencies), but never reaching it. Another important reveal from the study of the system’s dynamics was the presence of various steady states depending on the resolution scale at which the theoretical investigations are performed.
Part of the book: Fractal Analysis
A theory of space-time is built on a fractal/multifractal variety. Thus, considering that both the spatial coordinates and the time are fractal/multifractal, it is shown that both the energy and the non-differentiable mass of any biostructure depend on both the “state” of the biostructure and a speed limit of constant value. For the dynamics on Peano fractal/multifractal curves and Compton scale resolutions, it is shown that our results are reduced to those of Einstein relativity. In such a context, it has been shown that the “chameleon effect” of cholesterol corresponds to the HDL-LDL state transfer dictated by the spontaneous symmetry breaking through a fractal/multifractal tunnel effect. Then both HDL and LDL become distinct states of the same biostructure as in nuclear physics where proton and neutron are distinct states of the same nucleon.
Part of the book: Progress in Relativity