Efforts to tune optic responses of molecular aggregates often alter the characteristics and performance of functional materials, revealing that chemical properties largely rely on molecular stacking and interactions. Although the intrinsic nature of materials is primarily determined by single-molecule structures, molecular aggregation behavior that determines material property resembles the architectural style of a building in which the bricks themselves could be less important. While the establishment of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) inspired numerous research interest for trace analysis up to single-molecule level, Raman spectroscopy is also recognized for its importance in solving several issues relating to molecule aggregates owing to the capability of non-destructive detection and spectral fingerprints by which chemical structures and aggregation states can be identified. Raman spectroscopy is not only applied to identify chemicals at the gas phase, liquid phase and solid state and to monitor in-situ reactions of materials at reduced sizes but also to probe gas-to-particle conversion in aerosols, microcrystal magnetization and phase transition at aggregated states, which are believed to attract uprising research interest in the near future.
Part of the book: Raman Spectroscopy and Applications